- Broad meaning: Pss 103:19; 113:5; Matt 5:34; Eph 1:20; Col 1:16; Heb 12:2; Rev 7:15
- Narrow meaning: 1 Chr 16:31; Ps 97:1-2; Matt 6:10.
- Inauguration: Matt 2:2; 4:23; 9:35; 27:11; Mark 15:2; Luke 16:16; 23:3; John 18:37
- Continuation: Matt 24:14; Rom 14:16-17; 1 Cor 4:19-20; Col 4:11
- Consummation: 1 Cor 15:50-58; Rev 11:5
During this week I have been engaging in this question below from a group of people who are on the Baptist Reformed FB site.
The kingdom of God (also called "the kingdom of heaven," "the kingdom of Christ," "the kingdom of the Lord," "the kingdom," etc.) undergirds the teaching of the entire Bible. The Scriptures reveal God using a number of metaphors, but the primary imagery which biblical writers used for God was that of a divine King (e.g. 1 Sam 8:7). Alongside the basic conviction that God is the supreme King is the belief that he reigns over creation as his kingdom (Pss 47:1-9; 83:18; Dan 4:25-26; 5:21). In this general sense then, God has always been the sovereign reigning King who rules in heaven over all things (Pss 103:19; 113:5; Matt 5:34; Eph 1:20; Col 1:16; Heb 12:2; Rev 7:15).
The biblical concept of the kingdom of God also occasionally takes on a special sense. Jesus described this narrower sense of the kingdom of in this way: "Your kingdom come, your will be done on earth as it is in heaven" (Matt 6:10). God's holiness and glory in his heavenly throne room is so overwhelming that all creatures there honor him with unqualified voluntary service. On earth, however, creatures rebel and refuse to acknowledge God as King, and evil kingdoms rise up to oppose God's Kingdom. The hope that Scripture presents from cover to cover is that this disparity between the heavenly throne room and earth will be eliminated one day (1 Chr 16:31). God will judge the wicked and bring redeemed humanity into a new creation (Isa 65; Zech 14). When this transformation takes place, only God's kingdom will stand and voluntary obedience to him will extend to the ends of the earth as it does in heaven (1 Chr 16:31; Ps 97:1-2).
- "When His disciples heard it, they were greatly astonished, saying, 'Who then can be saved?'
- "But Jesus looked at them and said to them, 'With men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.' "Then Peter answered and said to Him, 'See, we have left all and followed You. Therefore what shall we have?' "So Jesus said to them, 'Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration, when the Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or lands, for My name's sake, shall receive a hundredfold, and inherit eternal life'" (Matthew 19:23-29 ).
- He goes on in another location and He says, "...do not seek what you should eat or what you should drink, nor have an anxious mind. For all these things the nations of the world seek after, and your Father knows that you need these things. But seek the kingdom of God, and all these things shall be added to you" (Matthew 6:31-33,
- "Do not fear, little flock, for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom" (Luke 12:32)
- "Kingdom of heaven" used only in Matthew:
- Usually changes "k. of God" in Mark
- Reflects Jewish tendency to avoid direct reference to "God."
- Malkut (Hebrew) and basilieia (Greek)
- Not so much a place but an activity in this sense (the king's reign).
- "Kingdom of God' is primarily = "God's kingly rule/reign."
- Does here not exclude physical image-gospels speak of "entering the kingdom" which would = God's new world.